How to Grow Capsicum
In this article, we share a comprehensive guide to growing capsicum at home.
Quick Guide Information
Common Name: Capsicum, Bell Pepper, Sweet Pepper, Chili Pepper
Scientific Name: Capsicum annuum
Plant Type: Small Bush
Life Span: Annual to Short Lived Perennial
Time Till Harvest: 80-100 Days
Light Requirement: Full Sun
Optimum pH: 6.0 - 6.5
Whether you like them sweet or spicy, capsicum (aka peppers) are a marvelous plant for your garden. There is a grand diversity of capsicum to grow which are suitable for cultivating in many different climates. When it comes to choosing a variety, finding one that is known to work well in your climate is a great place to start.
In temperate climates capsicum grows as an annual but in sub-tropical or subtropical climates they can grow as short-lived perennials. In temperate climates plants tend to stay relatively small, no greater than 1 meter in height and grow out bushy. Certain varieties in tropical climates can grow into large bushes.
Capsicums are easy to grow by seed. These should be planted in a nutrient rich soil mix and kept moist until germination which occurs within 5-10 days. If starting in seed trays, let them settle in for another 5-10 days before transplanting into a larger pot. Alternatively, if your seeds are highly viable you can start them directly in a bigger pot.
This can be transplanted into the garden after 4-5 weeks once the plant is well established and the last threat of frost has passed. Peppers can be a bit sensitive in some climates, so it is better to ensure they’re well established in pots before transplanting.
Planting and Maintenance
Capsicum is relatively low maintenance compared to other plants. They don’t need pruning, trellising, or any other support during their growth. Make sure they are well watered and if they seem to be lacking nutrients feel free to top dress them with some compost. If you are using mulch (which you should!) try to move it away from the plant stem during wet conditions to avoid rot.